Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a psychiatric disorder in which the sufferers have obsessive or intrusive thoughts and fears that clog their brain with uneasiness, hesitation, and apprehension and lead them to perform compulsive or repetitive behavior.
In other words, OCD is an illness of the brain and behavior that involves both obsessions and compulsions. However, a person can still have OCD despite he/she has only obsessions or only compulsions.
OCD and Anxiety go hand in hand
People with OCD cope with severe anxiety and feel unable to resist their compulsive behavior. The obsessive thoughts and compulsive rituals related to OCD cause a distressful feeling in them and get in the way of their important daily activities. They can’t realize that their obsessions are unreasonable.
Hence, they often ignore their intrusive thoughts and feel driven to do repetitive acts in order to ease their traumatic feelings. In the end, the compulsive behaviors end up controlling them.
Having a drug or alcohol problem in addition to obsessive compulsive disorder can require specialized treatment from a Christian alcohol rehab. Devotions addiction and mental health staff is experienced dealing with this condition treating patients for dual diagnosis on a frequent basis.
Some common OCD obsessions include:
- Fear of being contaminated by germs, fluids, dirt, etc.
- Frequent thoughts of violence
- Unwanted urge to harm loved ones
- Uncomfortable concern about perfectness
- Excessive concern about what is right or wrong
- Disgusting thoughts about performing sexual acts with forbidden ones
- Sexual obsessions that are forbidden in religious beliefs
Individuals with OCD may also have irrational thoughts about lucky/unlucky numbers, be concerned with order and symmetry, be worried about getting an illness or disease, have trouble throwing things out, or reserve unnecessary items.
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder Signs and Symptoms
Individuals with OCD usually have both obsessions and compulsions, but there are some exceptions as well. Some people experience only the symptoms of obsession or only the symptoms of compulsion.
Although OCD affects people in different ways, individuals with the condition generally:
- Have compulsive, persistent, and unwanted thoughts or images about a number of things, such as fear of contamination; impulse for losing control or violence; urge for harming others; impulse for hurting loved ones; perfectionism; offending God; or perverse sexual thoughts or impulses
- Can’t resist the unreasonable urges and repetitive behaviors
- Have a feeling of intense anxiety and distress
- Perform the same rituals repeatedly, such as excessive showering, washing hands, cleaning household items excessively, locking and unlocking doors, checking, counting, repeating routine activities, ordering or arranging things, or accumulating unnecessary items
- Spend about an hour or so a day associated with obsessive thoughts and behaviors, which result distress and interrupts their important activities
- Get a temporary relief by performing the compulsive acts but the uneasiness and apprehension soon return, resulting the cycle to start again
Self-assessment for Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
Are you suffering from OCD? If not sure, consider asking yourself the following questions. If most of the answers are yes, chances are high that you’re probably having it!
- Do you experience repetitive and intrusive thoughts, urges, or images?
- Do you feel anxious or distressed when these thoughts, urges, or images occupy your brain?
- Are the thoughts and behaviors compulsive or irrational?
- Do you perform the same rituals over and over?
- Do you feel driven to do repetitive acts in order to have a relief from the distressful feelings?
- Are the unreasonable thoughts or behaviors interrupting your important activities?
- Do you spend at least 1 hour a day engaged in intrusive thinking or behavior?
Please note that the above questions are for informational purposes only and are not provided to serve as an assessment for OCD. Diagnosis of OCD needs a thorough assessment by a qualified professional, preferably a psychiatrist.
How to Help Someone with an Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder?
If your partner, friend, or a family member is having an obsessive-compulsive disorder, consider seeking professional help and support. The best approach to help the affected one is supporting him/her throughout the treatment.
A complete recovery from OCD is a lengthy process, and tolerance and withdrawal are common obstacles that often interfere in an ongoing treatment. Therefore, once the therapy is started, your contribution and support will be invaluable for the sufferer.
For more help and suggestions, call us today to talk with a Devotions Recovery Center psychiatrist.